Palzem (population 1.498)
with districts Wehr, Dilmar, Esingen, Helfant und Kreuzweiler
Palzem is situated in a loop of the Moselle semi-circling around the Palzem plateau and is the most southern Moselle wine-growing community in Rhineland-Palatinate.
The history of settlement stretches back to the Romans, who bridged the old Roman road from Metz to Trier at Palzem. A palatial Roman villa was discovered on the plateau, from which the local name is derived (palatiolum, “little palace”).
Distinctive features today include the grand rural properties of the 19th century. The imposing mass of “Schloss Thorn”, built in the 13th century, rises from a Moselle hill. Structural extensions in the 16th and 17th centuries as well as the manor dating from the year 1800 form a grand complex of buildings.
Particularly noteworthy is the only intact tree trunk press in Europe in Schloss Thorn. Also worth seeing and an interesting day trip is the “Helfanter Dom” (cathedral), the enormous double towers of which can be seen from far away. The best way to experience the rich history of the location and the landscape of the Upper Moselle is on a hike along the “Via Caliga” trail, complete with interesting information boards. The museum for rural culture and technology in Kreuzweiler showcases more than 40 bulldog and other tractors from the 20s to the 50s.
Accommodation in hotels, bed and breakfasts, holiday homes and campsites, “Helfanter Dom” parish church, bulldog tractor museum, Schloss Thorn, tennis, angling, water sports on the Moselle backwater, wine tasting, skating, “Via Caliga” nature trail, grape variety nature trail, cellar open days in May